Copenhagen Climate Conference: Day 4

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A war on drafts has broken out at the UN Climate Change conference, on a day which also say the European Union (EU) commit $3 billion US to climate fund, the G-77 chief negotiator of walk out of talks in anger and a divisive split over a proposed the two degree target.

As the Danish draft continues to make it round, another draft has surfaced firmly putting demands on rich countries. In November, during a closed door meeting in Beijing, India, China, South Africa and Brazil, the four major emerging economies finalised an 11-page draft- the “Copenhagen Accord”. It proposes a “binding” amendment to the Kyoto Protocol calling for rich countries to reduce their carbon emissions by more than 40 percent compared to 1990 levels.

Led by Beijing, the initiative was conceived as a rebuttal by developing countries to the “Copenhagen Agreement” allegedly written by the conference’s host country.

According to AFP, the “Copenhagen Accord”, posted on the website of French daily newspaper Le Monde, embraces the objective of limiting global warming to two degrees Celsius, compared to pre-industrial levels. It calls on rich countries, committed to CO2 reductions of at least five percent by 2012, to “multiply by eight” and points out that reductions should be made “mainly through domestic measures” and not through the purchase of so-called “offsets” outside their borders.

G-77 chief negotiator walks out of talks

Lumumba Stanislaus Di-Aiping, chief negotiator for 130 developing countries walked out of a consultation meeting with UN representatives in anger, claiming the climate change conference will probably be wrecked by the “bad intentions of some people”.

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“Things are not going well” a normally tight lipped Di-Aiping said to Danish TV.

In another development Di-Aiping called on US President Barack Obama stating it would be “embarrassing for the US not to be part of a solution to save humanity”. The “USA is the worlds largest emitter historically and per capita. A reduction of four percent compared to 1990 levels will not help save the world. We ask the USA to join the Kyoto Protocol and take on commitments comparable to Annex 1 countries (industrialized countries)” said Di-Aiping.

“This is a challenge that President Barack Obama needs to rise as a Nobel Prize winner and as an advocate of a multilateral global society. We know he is proud to be a part of that community through his family relations in Africa” he added.

The Two Degree Split

Analysis from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) shows that a temperature increase of two degrees Celsius can be said to be a threshold value. Above this value the effects of climate change would probably be more difficult to manage and would compound at a quicker pace. Now, more than 100 nations back even tougher climate goals.

The 1.5 Celsius goal would require cuts in greenhouse gas emissions by rich nations of at least 45 percent from 1990 levels by 2020.

More popular than Tiger Woods

“Copenhagen” is now the number one search query on the world’s leading internet search engine, thwarting US golfer Tiger Woods from the top spot.

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