Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill

Ever since the BP Oil spill in 2010, I feel like I’ve been reading about oil spills everywhere. Or perhaps the 2010 grand scale spill brought media attention to a problem we’re facing as a planet of not being able to properly proctor oil and has been garnering media attention since. According to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), there have been a total of 42,860 oil spills in the past 20 years responsible for 304 million gallons of spillage in the United States.

The problem with an oil spill–if it isn’t obvious already–is that it wreaks havoc on the environment on so many different levels. In the catastrophic Gulf Oil spill, we are now seeing the effects on animal life: Bottlenose dolphins are showing signs of serious illness, including extremely low weight, anemia, low blood sugar, and some symptoms of liver and lung disease; deep sea coral are displaying widespread distress; and fish and crab that feast on microorganisms are missing their food supply as the spill is inhibiting the  microorganisms’ nitrogen cycle.

Needless to say, cleaning up an oil spill would help minimize the damage done. Fortunately, a team of international scientists – led by Bristol University Professor of Chemistry Julian Eastoe–have invented a magnetic soap that could revolutionize the clean-up of dangerous oil spills by getting the iron to chemically bond to the soap. By adding iron to the traditional soap ingredients, a magnetic field is created that helps remove both the soap and the material it dissolves.

How does it work? To understand this, one needs to understand how traditional soap works. Soap has two parts: A part attracted to water (hydrophilic) and a part repelled to water (hydrophobic). The hydrophilic portion of soap is what makes it latch on to dirt, oil and greasy surfaces, and the hydrophobic parts are what cause the molecules to break at the surface. The scientists have altered the soap by adding iron to the hydrophilic parts and thereby, creating a magnetic field. When a magnet comes in the vicinity, the soap rises towards the magnet overcoming both gravity and surface tension.

Related:   How the Stunning Oil Spill Photos on The Big Picture Impact the Internet News Cycle

Eastoe told Reuters about the potential benefit of this invention:

“Sea birds become contaminated by oil and cleaning them is a great great problem. That is because you cannot suck off the dirt from a sea bird. You can only rely on normal; detergent action. With magnetic soaps it would be possible to have not only the detergency cleaning action but also an added pull of the contaminating oil using an external magnetic field.”

Can magnetic soap one day help clean up massive oil spills? Nobody can say for sure as this soap is in its preliminary stages and more research needs to be done to see what it can do on a grand scale. After all, there’s really no better way to clean up an oil spill than preventing an oil spill. But there’s one thing for sure: This soap is revolutionary.

Susmita is a writer and editor in the Greater New York City area. In her spare time, Susmita enjoys cooking, traveling, dappling in photography, art history and interior design, and moonlighting as a therapist for her loved ones.

2 COMMENTS

  1. Protect and save wild environment. It was important and necessary. Stop oil spill, It effect the ocean too danger and to produce pollution , Most of sea animals will death , and spend of money

  2. Oil Spill Eater II is a product being used around the world that not only breaks down the oil so it will not sink or adhere to even birds, it converts 100% of spills to CO2 and water rapidly limiting the impact of a spill, and rapidly turning the spill area to pre spill conditions. OSE II has now cleaned up over 18440 spills since 1989.

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