51 Household Uses of Baking Soda

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Baking soda is a common household item that can be found in almost any kitchen pantry. Known for its versatility and effectiveness, baking soda is often used for cooking and baking.

However, did you know that baking soda can also be used for a variety of household tasks?

From cleaning and deodorizing to personal care and beyond, baking soda is a natural, affordable, and eco-friendly solution for many common household problems.

But what exactly is baking soda made of? Is it safe to use around children and pets?

In this article, we will explore the composition of baking soda and its household uses and answer the most common questions about its safety for use in and around the house.

Read on to discover 50 uses of baking soda that will change the way you clean and maintain your home.

What is in baking soda?

baking soda uses

Baking soda, also known as sodium bicarbonate, is a white crystalline powder that is composed of sodium, hydrogen, carbon, and oxygen. Chemically speaking, the compound has the formula NaHCO3, which indicates that it contains one sodium atom (Na), one hydrogen atom (H), one carbon atom (C), and three oxygen atoms (O).

When baking soda is exposed to an acidic substance (such as vinegar or lemon juice), it reacts to produce carbon dioxide gas, which causes the characteristic bubbling and fizzing. This reaction makes baking soda an effective ingredient for baking, cleaning, and deodorizing.

Baking soda is a safe and natural alternative to many household cleaning products, and its versatile properties make it an essential item in any home.

Is baking soda safe to use around children and pets?

Baking soda is generally considered safe to use around children and pets. It is a non-toxic and natural substance that is commonly used in food and personal care products. However, as with any household product, it is important to use baking soda in a responsible and safe manner.

While baking soda is not harmful if ingested in small amounts, it can be irritating to the eyes and skin if contact occurs. Therefore, it is important to keep baking soda out of reach of young children and pets to prevent accidental ingestion or exposure.

In addition, some people and pets may be sensitive or allergic to baking soda. If you or your pet experiences any adverse reactions such as itching, swelling, or redness after contact with baking soda, discontinue use and consult a healthcare professional.

Overall, baking soda is considered safe for use in and around the house as long as it is used appropriately and kept out of reach of young children and pets.

51 Uses of Baking Soda in Your Home

1. Make homemade deodorant. Combine equal parts baking soda, tea tree oil, and cornstarch. Mix well and keep in an airtight container.

2. Remove dirt and grime from floors without leaving scratch marks. Use 1/2 cup baking soda in a bucket of warm water. Then mop and rinse for a sparkling floor.

3. Fix musty books. For damp or musty books, sprinkle baking soda on the pages and allow time to air out.

4. Make toothpaste. Mix baking soda with a 3 percent hydrogen peroxide solution. Use the resulting paste as an alternative to commercial non-fluoride products. To make a peppermint toothpaste, simply add peppermint essential oil.

5. Handwash dishes, pots, and pans. Mix two tablespoons of baking soda and your regular dish detergent into the dish water to help cut grease and food left on dishes, pots, and pans.

6. Unclog drains. Toss 1 cup of baking soda down the drain, then pour a cup of white vinegar. Let sit for half an hour. Then pump in hot water on top.

7. Deodorize drains. Pour 1/2 cup of baking soda down the drain while running warm tap water. This will deodorize your sink and tub drains and keep lingering acid and basic odors from resurfacing.

8. Clean the microwave. Sprinkle baking soda on a moist sponge and clean gently inside and outside the microwave. Then rinse well with water. Alternatively, add a couple teaspoons of baking soda to a bowl of water and place in the microwave. Heat for 3 – 5 minutes. When the microwave stops, keep the door closed to give the moisture and steam the heated bowl of water generated to have time to work. Remove the bowl and wipe the inside of the microwave with a damp cloth.

9. Clean coffee/tea pots and mugs. Remove coffee and tea stains by washing mugs and coffee makers in a solution of 1/4 cup baking soda in 1 quart of warm water and squeeze the juice from a wedge of lemon (1/4 lemon), and toss in the peel. If the stains are stubborn, soak overnight in hot water and baking soda. Wash well in the morning.

10. Remove oil and grease stains. Utilize baking soda to eliminate oil and grease spills around your home. Sprinkle liberally baking soda on the spot and scrub with a wet brush.

11. Treat wood stains. Remove unsightly water stains on wood surfaces with a paste made of baking soda mixed with a few drops of water. Rub into the stain and wipe it off.

12. Remove blood stains from fabrics. If fresh, the blemish may be removed by washing in cold water. If it is hard to shift, steep for some time in cold water, to which add a pinch of baking soda.

13. Freshen up your mattress. When changing bed linen, sprinkle a thin layer of baking soda directly on top of the mattress. Let it sit for a few hours, then hoover the powder.

14. Clean and refresh your thermos. Put a large teaspoon of baking soda in a thermos bottle, add boiling water, and seal for a few hours. As a result, all adhering material loosens and comes off easily. Rinse well.

15. Clean walls and furniture. Remove scuff marks (even crayon) from walls and furniture by sprinkling baking soda on a damp sponge and rub the spot lightly. Then wipe off with a clean, dry cloth.

16. Clean shower curtains.Clean and deodorize your shower curtain by sprinkling baking soda directly on a brush or clean damp sponge. Scrub the shower curtain and then rinse thoroughly.

17. Clean the oven. Sprinkle baking soda mixed with salt onto the bottom of the dirty oven. Spray with water to dampen the mixture. Let sit overnight. Scrub and scoop the baking soda and grime out with a sponge and rinse in the morning.

18. Clean the stovetop, too. Liberally sprinkle soda bicarbonate around the top of the stove, then spray with hot water– enough to dissolve the soda without spilling around. Let it soak for about half an hour, and then scrub clean.

19. Deodorize and clean your dishwasher. Toss in a cup of baking soda to an empty dishwasher and then run it on the rinse cycle.

20. Tackle slippery sidewalks. Simply sprinkle a generous amount of backing soda/salt on icy patches on walkways. Eliminate slipping hazards.

21. Handle marble and granite stains. Keep marble or granite countertops stain-free by spraying the stain first with water and then covering it completely with a paste made from backing soda and water (to the consistency of sour cream). Place a plastic bag/wrap on top and allow to set for at least 24 hours.

22. Refresh a vacuum bag. Banish unpleasant odors. Make vacuum bag sachets filled with backing soda and dried herbs. Slip these fragrant sachets into your vacuum bag and enjoy the pleasant fragrance when you vacuum the floor.

23. Extinguish fires. Fight minor cooking fires with baking soda. When baking soda is heated, it gives off carbon dioxide, which helps to smother the flames. Turn off the gas or electricity if you can safely do so. Stand back and throw handfuls of baking soda at the base of the flame.

24. Keep brushes and combs clean. Remove natural oil build-up and hair product residue by soaking combs and brushes in a solution of 1 teaspoon of baking soda in a small bowl of warm water. Rinse and allow to dry.

25. Stimulate your hair. Baking soda has a place in the bathroom, too. Sprinkle generously baking soda into your palm along with your favorite hair care product. Shampoo as usual and rinse thoroughly.

baking soda uses at home

26. Revive sponges. Steep awfully smelling sponges in a strong baking soda solution of 4 tablespoons of baking soda dissolved in 1 quart of warm water to get rid of bad odors.

27. Polish silverware. Use a baking soda paste made with 3 parts baking soda to 1 part water. Rub onto the silver with a clean cloth or sponge. Rinse thoroughly and dry for a shining set.

28. Give your laundry a boost. Add a 1/2 cup of baking soda to your laundry to make liquid detergent work harder. A better balance of pH in the wash gets clothes cleaner and fresher.

29. Fix deodorant stains. You can prevent unsightly deodorant stains on your clothes by applying baking soda to your underarms after applying deodorant.

30. Make a brass cleaner. Bring out the shine in brass items by cleaning them with a wedge of lemon, first sprinkled with baking soda. It will provide a gentle abrasive solution for cleaning and shining.

31. Shine tile grout. Clean and brighten tile grout by combining 3 cups baking soda and 1 cup water. Scrub the grout clean with a sponge. Leave for several minutes, then rinse clean.

32. Freshen up the dish rack. Revive dish racks by regularly scrubbing them with a paste of soda bicarbonate and water. Removes stains and unpleasant odors.

33. Make cheap and natural carpet/rug freshener. Sprinkle carpets generously with bicarb and leave to sit for a few hours before sweeping and vacuuming up the rest. Your carpets will smell noticeably fresher.

34. Revitalize closets. Put a box on the shelf to keep the closet smelling fresh.

35. Deodorize trashcans. To deodorize your trashcan and keep lingering odors at bay, sprinkle baking soda on its bottom. Baking soda will neutralize, not just cover, bad smells from resurfacing.

36. Remove odor from a vase. Fill the vase with a solution of water and bicarb and let sit for a few hours. Wash clean, and odors should be gone. If unsuccessful the first time, just repeat the process.

37. Make a dog deodorizer. Mix 1/2 cup baking soda with 2 cups water. Then, soak 1 neckerchief (sized to fit a dog ). Dry neckerchief ties around your pet’s neck to help keep the odors away.

38. Clean your freezer. After a thorough washing with soapy water, do a quick rinse with a solution of backing soda and warm water. It helps remove the soap residue as well as freshens things up. Wipe off the inside with a clean cloth.

39. Clean up lunch boxes. Stale-smelling lunch boxes can be freshened up by sprinkling a heavy layer of baking soda on the bottom. Leave it open overnight and then wash it in hot water with dish soap.

40. Freshen bedding. Combine dried, ground herbs with a 1/2 cup bicarb to freshen bed linen.

41. Fix Hard Water Laundry. Is hard water giving you trouble with your laundry? Try adding baking soda to the wash as a laundry booster. It’s recommended to begin with 1/2 cup per load.

42. Make toilet cleaner and freshener. First, tip out 1 cup baking soda into the toilet, followed by 1 cup vinegar. Let it fizz for 20 minutes, then get a toilet brush to scrub the toilet bowl clean.

43. Clean batteries. Baking soda can be used to neutralize battery acid corrosion on cars, mowers, etc. Make sure to disconnect the battery before cleaning. Make a paste of 3 parts baking soda to 1 part water, and apply with a damp cloth to scrub corrosion.

44. Clean your car. Make a baking soda solution of 1/4 cup baking soda in 1 quart of warm water. Apply baking soda to clean your car lights, windows, chrome, vinyl seats, and floor mats.

45. Treat cold sores. Attend to cold sores by dabbing them with baking soda.

46. Fix smelly ashtrays. Mix equal parts white sand and baking soda. Pour mixture into ashtrays. This helps diffuse the odor from cigarette butts, and it also helps neutralize the smoke in the air.

47. Make luggage freshener. Smelly luggage cases can be freshened up by sprinkling baking soda inside, closing the piece and then let sit for a few days.

48. Natural nausea remedy. Dissolve 1/2 tsp baking soda in a glass of warm water. Not recommended for pregnant women.

49. Ease Toothache. Soothe toothache pain by moistening a cotton swab and then coating it well in baking soda. Rub into tooth and gums until the pain dies down.

50. Apply as an antacid. Baking soda is a safe and effective antacid to relieve heartburn, sour stomach, and/or acid indigestion.

51. Relieve a sore throat. Mix 1/2 tsp of baking soda and salt together with a 1/2 cup of warm water and gargle several times a day.

Using Baking Soda Safely

safe uses of baking soda

Is baking soda good for my skin?

While baking soda offers some benefits for skin exfoliation due to its mild abrasive properties, its high alkalinity can disrupt the natural pH balance and irritate sensitive skin. Occasional gentle masks (max 1-2 tsp with water) may be tolerable, but regular or widespread use can disrupt the skin’s natural barrier and worsen dryness or irritation. 

Consider gentler alternatives like oatmeal or rice flour. For specific concerns, consult a dermatologist for personalized advice.

Can I mix baking soda with other cleaning products?

Mixing baking soda with some cleaning products can be hazardous! Avoid combining it with bleach, ammonia, or acidic cleaners like vinegar. These reactions can produce harmful fumes or weaken cleaning power. 

Stick to natural pairings like vinegar for specific tasks, or use baking soda solo for safe and effective cleaning. Always prioritize safety and consult product labels for specific instructions.

Is baking soda safe for all surfaces?

Baking soda’s mild abrasiveness makes it a cleaning champion, but not for all surfaces! Its grittiness can scratch delicate materials like aluminum, marble, and wood finishes. Always test on a hidden area first. For tougher tasks, baking soda shines on porcelain, stainless steel, and most countertops.

For gentler cleaning, opt for a water-based solution or specific cleaners designed for the surface.

  • Greener Ideal Staff

    Greener Ideal helps you live your life in more sustainable ways with green living tips and commentary on the latest environment news. We want to protect the planet and reduce our collective carbon footprint.

  • Ian Andrew

    As the Co-founder and Editor-in-Chief of Greener Ideal, Ian has been a driving force in environmental journalism and sustainable lifestyle advocacy since 2008. With over a decade of dedicated involvement in environmental matters, Ian has established himself as a respected expert in the field. Under his leadership, Greener Ideal has consistently delivered independent news and insightful content that empowers readers to engage with and understand pressing environmental issues.

    Ian’s expertise extends beyond editorial leadership; his hands-on experience in exploring and implementing sustainable practices equips him with practical knowledge that resonates with both industry professionals and eco-conscious audiences. This blend of direct involvement and editorial oversight has positioned Ian as a credible and authoritative voice in environmental journalism and sustainable living.

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